Stata Substring From Right

A delimiter is one or more characters that separate text strings. Because "start of string" must be matched before the match of \d +, and "end of string" must be matched right after it, the entire string must consist of digits for ^ \d + $ to be able to match. inplace=True means that the changes are saved to the df right away. start defaults to 0. E158DD90" Questo documento è una pagina Web in file unico, nota anche come archivio Web. For example, regexm("907-789-3939", "([0-9]*)-([0-9]*)-([0-9]*)") returns the following:. I can't include the data or specific analysis I'm doing for. Sadly, poor graphs can be a good way to waste space in an article, take up time in a presentation, and waste a lot of ink all while providing little to no information. Always spend a little time looking at your data, particularly when it's fragmented like this. The substr() function(!) takes exactly three arguments, so substr (date ,1,2,3,4) is invalid syntax. gen string3=substr(string(code, “%06. st: Repeated time values within panel in levpet STATA output. When Stata converts the data to wide format, it needs to create new variables, one for each time period, for each of the time-varying variables. Left, Right, and Mid. Using formulas for very large spreadsheets or frequently updated data is less efficient than using a Visual Basic for Applications macro. A substring is a subset of characters from a string. Bolos perfeitos para todas as ocasiões. Optionally, the extracted section length can be limited to a maximum of Count characters. This works! I have a concern though, I had to modify it from - 10 to -11 because it grabbed the current time of 12:30, is there a way to remove all the characters in a string after a space so I don't have to worry about this issue?. Right click, and then click Paste Special. The following example uses RIGHT to return the two rightmost characters of the character string abcdefg. 3 support - statamic/Stringy. Also you can see help on ABAP "string processing. Set the default value of a field or control. so please tel me how to extract the digits before. Additionally, I want the results to include other fields from the master worksheet alongside the address fields from the second worksheet. A form of the permutation problem that students commonly see is the “committee” problem. VBA provides a large number of built-in functions that can be used in your code. ) to place labels between bars in a bar chart. This is what allows jittering to work. Frequently, a program ends up with numeric data in a string object—a value entered by the user, for example. Like so, working with string variables in SPSS is super easy : you just need to know and combine the right building blocks. \] is true! There is some discussion on the Stata FAQs that goes into the rationale behind it, but the short version is that this slightly complicates variable generation but greatly simplifies and protects some data management tasks. This syntax strips out the unwanted characters from the X variable. So, we can store the count of occurrences of all the characters from 'a' to 'z' in a hashed array. In fact, -substr- is all you need if you only need a part of a string, e. Address OPTION(MAXRECURSION 32767) [/cc] To make this work with your example, simply replace the value [PostalCode] with your field and the FROM Clause should be your table you are querying from. Sometimes, for whatever reason, Stata incorrectly calls a categorical variable a string variable. 30: String replaceAll(String regex, String replacement. Stata imports excel files [. Please try again later. The user was trying to extract the Date from the Date-Time value. The reverse function reverses codepoints (because this is the right behavior for the main application of string reversal: reversed string processing by external C libraries). I also like to play. That means that \[ 400 \lt. Here our shortest recruits appear to be under two feet tall, we’ll chalk that up to transcription errors. Introduction. The Data Monkey We want to share code and tips to make data programming much easier. Excel MID function is a replica of the substring function that you may have studied in programming languages. 5 è stata introdotta la funzione password_hash. Contact us about any information regarding this TSQL Tutorial and we will be happy to respond as quickly as possible: [email protected] Question: Tag: r,plot,week-number I am plotting price changes week-wise with the x-axis in the format "201301" where 2013 is the year and 01 is the week. So this line will convert "Security Leasing Corporation Ltd. Substring method retrieves a substring from a string instance in C#. In his case, he has a variable of the form 28-18-0018-02183100-02-O-B where 28 represents state code, 18 represents districts code, 0018 represents subdistricts code and 02183100 represents village code. A substring is a subset of characters from a string. When position is 0 (zero), then it is treated as 1. If you know the position of the text to be replaced, use the REPLACE function. StarTrekItalia. To know that a substring is absent, you must use: === FALSE To know that a substring is present (in any position including 0), you can use either of:!== FALSE (recommended). Is it right to use chi square test in stata? My independent variable is categorical with 3 categories and dependent variable which is continuous (GPA). When position is 0 (zero), then it is treated as 1. This is what allows jittering to work. php(143) : runtime-created function(1) : eval()'d code(156) : runtime-created function(1) : eval. The following example shows how to return the first 10 characters from each of a text and image data column in the pub_info table of the pubs database. SUBSTR (SPSS versions 16+) or just SUBSTR (SPSS versions 15-). grstyle set imesh, horizontal compact minor. Logical operators are typically used with Boolean (logical) values. first n digits (see related post). Returns the given string with all found oldSubStr replaced. Consider the calculation. foreach v in le_wfemale le_wmale le_bfemale le_bmale {2. substr(s,n 1,n 2) the substring of s, starting at n 1, for a length of n 2 tobytes(s,n) escaped decimal or hex digit strings of up to 200 bytes of s uchar(n) the Unicode character corresponding to Unicode code point nor an empty string if nis beyond the Unicode code-point range udstrlen(s) the number of display columns needed to display the Unicode string. The leaps package has a nice visualization of which regressors are included in which of the best models. A regular expression uses a set of symbols to look for patterns of characters, e. There we learned that in most of the cases, you will not even need those methods as hibernate manages the updates on persistent entities automatically. 558D7660" Questo documento è una pagina Web in file unico, nota anche come archivio Web. VBA provides a large number of built-in functions that can be used in your code. It is an extensive list, but some examples are 15009, 15208, 191451652, 193760024. His problem is how to extract the state, districts, etc. <> Or more properly 123, abc, 2da are one-word phrases, so you can't extract anything but their entire contents with word(). 0版本推出之后,这一年是1996年,所以当前的Stata Copy Right都写的是1996~2014。 Stata命令简洁、功能强劲,一经推出就受到了研究界的青睐,从名不见经传到逐渐和老前辈SAS分庭抗礼,凸显了. SELECT RIGHT('abcdefg', 2);. Jan 6, 2012 - Of course, it is possible to generate have implemented can be readily adapated to other formats such a. SELECT RIGHT(FirstName, 5) AS 'First Name' FROM Person. There are a lot of ways to do this in Stata. Always spend a little time looking at your data, particularly when it's fragmented like this. My question is how to remove the trailing zeros on a string. The part of string used as first argument in the SUBSTR( ) has been replaced by the string present on the right hand side of assignment statement strating at given position (as second argument) and for the given length (as third argument). Comparison with SAS¶. The Left, Right, and Mid functions extract a substring (part of a text entry), of a length you specify, from text in a cell. The Datastream code (Datastream mnemonic) for instance, is such a code. This tip explains how to use this function to determine how many characters a string contains. Apply Senior Research Fellow, PUBLIC HEALTH FOUNDATION OF INDIA in Hyderabad/ Secunderabad ,Delhi ,Delhi/ NCR for 2 - 3 year of Experience on TimesJobs. Start one or more processes, optionally as a specific user. first n digits (see related post). Suggested mode of operation 7. Given a string S, the task is to remove all the duplicates in the given string. The preferred, fast way to concatenate a sequence of strings is by calling ''. The variables may contain numeric values, but if they are defined as type string, there are very few things you can do to analyze the data. 0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_01C5789D. The subset( ) function is the easiest way to select variables and. Helping Australian, Indonesian and New Zealand researchers achieve better data management, statistics, analytics and reproducibility with Stata. Stata imports excel files [. There is an abundance of different alternative treatments on offer for cancer. If str is a cell array of character vectors or a string array, then strfind returns a cell array of vectors of type double. A delimiter is a sequence of one or more characters for specifying the boundary between separate, independent regions in plain text or other data streams. If you need information from CRSP, a 1:1 CUSIP time variable (e. Introduction. left関数は特に問題ないが、可変長データを扱って後ろ(右)から数文字取得したいというときにright関数が使えないのはかなり不便だ。 調べてみるとどうやらsubstr関数でもright関数のような書き方ができるらしい。 substr関数 substrは、文字列の一部を. Introduction Before you start working with SAS date and time functions, remember that SAS date values are the number of days between January 1, 1960, and a specified date. Stata function strcount(s, x). By using Character. Edit the Target field on the Shortcut tab to read "C:\Program Files\R\R‐2. StarTrekItalia. net/management/subset. Thanks for yo. To check if first character of a string is a number or not in java we can check in multiple ways. I'm trying to write a java program that detects specific words in a string, deemed "profane words". New behavior of frequency distribution, plus new commands: "discrete" (interpret variables as discrete), "dummify" (create a set of dummies coding for the values of a discrete variable), and "xtab" (cross-tabulation of two discrete variables) - Don't add an extra newline at the end of plain text data files (e. 278 Stata tip 47 The example distribution, the normal, is specified by a location parameter and a scale parameter. To simulate survival data with censoring, we need to model the hazard functions for both time to event and time to censoring. If startpos is not specified, FIND starts the search at the beginning of the string and searches the string from left to right. This Excel tutorial explains how to use the Excel TRIM function with syntax and examples. 7a 2015-04-19 drop keep drop *! version 0. I get gaps between the years after week 52 i. There are a lot of ways to do this in Stata. stata - type mismatch for replacing variables -1 I have a variabe; Change_noabx that is numeric (0 or 1) and a variable "Antibioticuse" that is also numeric 0/1. For example, regexm("907-789-3939", "([0-9]*)-([0-9]*)-([0-9]*)") returns the following:. ii hearrtx eux /* Tuesday, May 03, 2005 hi. For Stata in Australia, Indonesia and New Zealand visit Survey Design and Analysis Services. However, strtrim does not remove significant whitespace characters. t Getting Started manual. Baby & children Computers & electronics Entertainment & hobby. org This document is intended to assist individuals who are 1. DONOTEDITTHISFILE!!!!! !!!!!$$$$$ !!!!!///// !!!"!&!&!+!+!S!T![!^!`!k!p!y! !!!"""'" !!!&& !!!'/'notfoundin"%s" !!!) !!!5" !!!9" !!!EOFinsymboltable !!!NOTICE. A period (. how to define regular expression containing substring or regular expression not containing substring 00 , 101 in urdu tutorial regular expression that does not contain a string regular expression. We pass begin index and end index number position in the java substring method where start index is inclusive and end index is exclusive. The second argument is the starting character and the third the number of characters to take out. Joseph Canner, MHS Eric Schneider, PhD Johns Hopkins University Stata Conference New Orleans, LA July 19, 2013. Contact us about any information regarding this TSQL Tutorial and we will be happy to respond as quickly as possible: [email protected] if it was numeric it may cause issues because it right justifies to see if regular substr(). There are a lot of ways to do this in Stata. Figure 20: Summary of Commands in ‘Output’ Window of STATA Stationarity in time series analysis This article introduced, formatted and processed the dataset for the ‘Time variable’ in time series test. Conformability substr(s, b, l): s: r 1 c 1 b: r 2 c 2 l: r 3 c. Here is the scenario: I have generated a variable called RV that is = 0. --- do something with each to do using toDo variable. Hi All, Some time back, I had used -outfixt- by Austin Nichols to perfectly export fixed width files as txt. If a match is found, the function returns the character position of the first match. Consider the calculation. 0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_01C459CD. to reverse "visual order" including combining characters etc. Substring( StartIndex [, length] ) Key StartIndex Characters to skip from the start of the string. This basic MySQL tutorial explains some of the basic SQL statements. This syntax strips out the unwanted characters from the X variable. How can join two worksheets in Excel?. Consider this direct approach:. Hey All! I have a character variable of varying lengths that I want to separate into separate variables. The rules for substitution for re. " You can then use that number in a variety of ways. The relation "is a substring of" defines a partial order on Σ *, the least element of which is the empty string. The String. it removes the first character i of the string ijk). it's best show code tried , stata did or said in response. Introduction Before you start working with SAS date and time functions, remember that SAS date values are the number of days between January 1, 1960, and a specified date. A regular expression does not contain an entire word. Guida all'uso dei Meta Tag Molti webmaster non conoscono l'importanza dei meta tag per una ottimale classificazione nei motori di ricerca. The following solution uses Segment from the Superstore data set. A substring is a subset of characters from a string. We continue to be inspired by the authentic people we meet, the capable businesses we partner with, and the contagious commitment to drive change all around the world. Now, I don't need to export my data set as a fixed. In Stata you can use the substring command substr() to do something similar. In -destring- complication, Anup asked how to split a string variable. 9) I guess if i can extract digits before decimal point and can compare if tht number <1000 then i can finish my logic. · The command window (lower right) is where you type your Stata code and also DOS commands. 0 2014-02-18 | long freese | spost13 release // table of margins results * DO: get value labels:. rep78specify base indicator fvset command to change base fvset base frequent rep78 set the base to most frequently occurring category for rep78 c. Baby & children Computers & electronics Entertainment & hobby. @PrayagUpd --- I simply meant that if you will use the number after the conversion for comparisons (as to say if "is this version newer or the same") you should take care of cases like 2. Transposing a matrix means to interchange rows and columns. rstrip(chars), where chars is a string of characters to strip. The String. rep78specify indicators ib. The one on the left is with Value labels visible (notice how the City_CD variable is right justified; this is an indication it is a numeric value with labels). To extract the data you need you will need to use either the Excel Find function or the VBA InStr function. For a list of topics covered by this series, see the Introduction. Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come restituire i primi 10 caratteri di ogni colonna di dati testo e immagine nella tabella pub_info del database pubs. Cannot look up the exact commands at the moment but the second task can be done with the subinstr() command and the first with a combination of one of the regular expression commands (to check whether it is a letter or a number) and subinstr(). The result is always that n2 = n1. A string s is said to be a prefix of t if there exists a string u such that t = su. Repeat a string You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know. Java String split method explained with the help of examples: Splitting based on word, multiple characters, special characters, whitespace etc. And an exciting time to be in the business of analytics. Valid format strings:. For example, "123abc". Replace string: 32. smcl les needs to be opened in the viewer-window. How to remove text within brackets/parentheses in Excel? If you have multiple data, and some of the data is within brackets or parentheses, now you want to remove the text within the brackets as below screenshots shown, how can you quickly to solve it?. com/ var repeat=1 //enter 0 to not. Select the range A1:C1 and close with a parenthesis. Consider the calculation. The entire substring is returned in zero, and each substring is numbered sequentially from 1 to n. First, select the new range of cells. 30: String replaceAll(String regex, String replacement. This works! I have a concern though, I had to modify it from - 10 to -11 because it grabbed the current time of 12:30, is there a way to remove all the characters in a string after a space so I don't have to worry about this issue?. Note that in ksh93, bash or zsh, ${t:(-2)} or ${t: -2} (note the space) are legal as a substring expansion but are probably not what you want, since they return the substring starting at a position 2 characters in from the end (i. Recently I’ve been refactoring the tests for a gem I maintain and I needed to test that it sets the right cookies at the right time. size returns the number of characters in the string and substring accepts a string, the start position and length of the substring, note that the first character of the string is number zero. Joseph Canner, MHS Eric Schneider, PhD Johns Hopkins University Stata Conference New Orleans, LA July 19, 2013. <> Or more properly 123, abc, 2da are one-word phrases, so you can't extract anything but their entire contents with word(). but th eonly thing sore sure is that I want to remove the las. Do the same for R. Is there a function like SQL's RIGHT? Extracting the last n characters from a string in R but it's straight-forward to make a function to do this using substr. It's not necessary to collect, separate and format all data that was received, thus become the whole process of getting data fast and clean, only what really matters to be stored. Summary: Microsoft Scripting Guy, Ed Wilson, talks about understanding Windows PowerShell and basic string formatting. What command can I use to select variables containing specific pattern in STATA? I have dataset with large number of variables. it's best show code tried , stata did or said in response. The Left, Right, and Mid functions extract a substring (part of a text entry), of a length you specify, from text in a cell. Syntax %variable: ~num. Address OPTION(MAXRECURSION 32767) [/cc] To make this work with your example, simply replace the value [PostalCode] with your field and the FROM Clause should be your table you are querying from. The first argument specifies the variable to be picked apart (code), the second argument is the starting character, and the last argument is the number of characters to be pulled out. 1), it looks foreign and not easily 25 Nov 2014 Q: It still isn't working. Basically, a substring is a portion of a string. substr(s,n 1,n 2) the substring of s, starting at n 1, for a length of n 2 tobytes(s,n) escaped decimal or hex digit strings of up to 200 bytes of s uchar(n) the Unicode character corresponding to Unicode code point nor an empty string if nis beyond the Unicode code-point range udstrlen(s) the number of display columns needed to display the Unicode string. Where n is the number assigned to the substring you want to extract. But, if the number is not perfectly divisible by i until test condition i <= n/2 is true means, it is only divisible by 1 and that number itself. org This document is intended to assist individuals who are 1. Of course I can put the numeric variable into character,. The function should deal with null or empty strings returning an empty string, strings shorter than the max length returning the original string and strings longer than the max length returning the max length of rightmost characters. On Linstat, type xstata. 23 Example Let's look at some MySQL CURDATE function examples and explore how to use the CURDATE function in MySQL. Joseph Canner, MHS. I scanned through the Stata code of several economic papers and such replace. In my case, by following teylyn hint, this has worked: =MID(A1;FIND("-";A1)+1,99; 1000). I’m totally inexperienced in getting SEC filing index files. There we learned that in most of the cases, you will not even need those methods as hibernate manages the updates on persistent entities automatically. INDEX - Find first occurrence of character(s) in string; CHAR. Returns the given string with all found oldSubStr replaced. The variables may contain numeric values, but if they are defined as type string, there are very few things you can do to analyze the data. Now, I am going to work on a new post that does not relate to programming or importing data issues. We pass begin index and end index number position in the java substring method where start index is inclusive and end index is exclusive. Check Transpose. If string_expression is not of type varchar(max) or nvarchar(max), REPLACE truncates the return value at 8,000 bytes. The command -log using lename- speci es that (from then on) what you type and what Stata produces in response is stored in a log le. Select a function name to go to a full description of the function with examples of use. For example: If there are 5 people, Jim, Jane, Bob, Susan, and Ralph, and only 3 of them can be on the new PTA committee, how many different combinations are possible?. Le migliori offerte per Alta qualità in nylon SPIRALE ZIP n. Using the function strpos() and substr() in Stata to do trimming whatever you like. As name suggests SAS Find function is basically used to find if given string in interest is present in the master string. Q&A for Work. MIME-Version: 1. Transposing a matrix means to interchange rows and columns. I'm not sure what the right function to use is. If this pattern is not found, the function returns a zero. You can read the command line arguments passed to your script using a special syntax. I would like to be able to clear the main screen without using the mouse. The English language reads left-to-right, so stripping from the right side removes characters from the end. For example, i…. Can't get this ms JET sql query (querying a 2007 Access database that I didn't write) to work. And an exciting time to be in the business of analytics. Note that in ksh93, bash or zsh, ${t:(-2)} or ${t: -2} (note the space) are legal as a substring expansion but are probably not what you want, since they return the substring starting at a position 2 characters in from the end (i. We have made some improvements to putexcel in Stata 14. Using formulas for very large spreadsheets or frequently updated data is less efficient than using a Visual Basic for Applications macro. One Hundred Nineteen Stata Tips provides concise and insightful notes about commands, features, and tricks that will help you obtain a deeper understanding of Stata. Right-click Order Date and select Month (as a discrete field). In the simplest case, x is a single character string, and strsplit outputs a one-item list. Recommend Documents. 0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_01C5789D. I know how I could do this very easily with a database inner join, but I'm less clear on how to do this efficiently in Excel. Programmer/Statistician: 20 years experience with SAS Took new job and started using Stata in January 2013. It is subset of the string string1, starting at element 1 with length 2 (in short, the first 2 digits). A new decade. If str is a character vector or a string scalar, then strfind returns a vector of type double. Graphs can provide an excellent way to emphasize a point and to quickly and efficiently show important information. From: Subject: =?iso-2022-jp?B?RGlhcmlvIG5vbiBjb3JyZXR0byBkYWxsGyRCIUYbKEJBbGJhbmlhID8gSUkgcGFydGUgPyBibG9n?= Date: Fri, Nov 20 2009 11:10:46 GMT+0100 MIME-Version: 1. generate short_sex = substr (sex, 1 , 1 ) With pandas you can use [] notation to extract a substring from a string by position locations. MIME-Version: 1. The functions vary in how they calculate the length of the substring to return. 0 2014-02-18 | long freese | spost13 release // table of margins results * DO: get value labels:. I have a zip code variable in a dataset that includes both 5- and 9-digit zip codes. The Number subclasses that wrap primitive numeric types ( Byte, Integer, Double, Float, Long, and Short) each provide a class method named valueOf that converts a string to an object of that type. We recommend however, for most of the procedures, to use the command line. Inrange stata. it removes the first character i of the string ijk). Attempts with substr, like the one outlined, result in var2 containing the ")" sign as it is placed within the last three characters. Understanding Stata's syntax is the key to becoming an expert Stata user. I would step back for a sec and question why the data is set up this way. " to find both. For anyone new to data exploration, cleaning, or analysis using Python, Pandas will quickly become one of your most frequently used and reliable tools. We will use it to convert a series of images to an actual movie file. SUBSTR takes two or three arguments as shown by the minimal example below. I have a long string with numeric values which are mixed in with other characters in various columns. A constant can also be a time, date, or datetime value. The program below will do this. This is despite of the fact that substr turns into blue in the do file confirming that. stata,shortcut There's no shortkey right to the Clear results menu item in the Edit menu. When I try to use substr,. Of course I can put the numeric variable into character,. The variables may contain numeric values, but if they are defined as type string, there are very few things you can do to analyze the data. putexcel has recently become a very good friend. If length not specific, will return the rest of the string. The great divide among data types in Stata is between numeric and string variables. Stata represents missing values by. Stata file types and names 10. Missing data in pandas dataframes. We will use it to convert a series of images to an actual movie file. Date function from the base package. for example my data has a bunch of codes that look like: tmp435-abc tmp902-cde tp309-dmco etc. exe" ‐‐sdi(including the quotes exactly as shown, and assuming that you've installed R to the default location). \] is true! There is some discussion on the Stata FAQs that goes into the rationale behind it, but the short version is that this slightly complicates variable generation but greatly simplifies and protects some data management tasks. it's best show code tried , stata did or said in response. Installing, customizing and updating Stata 3. Two ways to do it: Old style (particularly pertinent to Stata 12 and below) Here I have split the single statement into several, because I suspect it is clearer that way. it removes the first character i of the string ijk). Below are two screen shots side by side. 1 Dealing with Blanks: Leading, Trailing, In-Between Virginia Chen, ERS Group, Washington DC ABSTRACT Dealing with blanks sometimes can be a headache. STAAD Pro Basic Commands. SPEDIS Function. If length not specific, will return the rest of the string. substr(s,n 1,n 2) the substring of s, starting at n 1, for a length of n 2 tobytes(s,n) escaped decimal or hex digit strings of up to 200 bytes of s uchar(n) the Unicode character corresponding to Unicode code point nor an empty string if nis beyond the Unicode code-point range udstrlen(s) the number of display columns needed to display the. In Stata you can use the substring command substr() to do something similar. A negative number will left align n characters. 0 ); var gobj_searchTerm = new Object(); //global error handling vars var gary_error = new Array(); var gary_msg = new Array(); //global results vars var gobj_results. In fact, -substr- is all you need if you only need a part of a string, e. Now, I am going to work on a new post that does not relate to programming or importing data issues. k instal-lation stata win-dows unix mac-intosh view. For Stata in Australia, Indonesia and New Zealand visit Survey Design and Analysis Services. Consider the calculation. The English language reads left-to-right, so stripping from the right side removes characters from the end. 2 downloads 17 Views 2MB Size. Question: Tag: r,plot,week-number I am plotting price changes week-wise with the x-axis in the format "201301" where 2013 is the year and 01 is the week. You can always use the "point-and-click" method by using the menu. A PHP string manipulation library with multibyte support, now with PHP 7. This will have names taken from x (if it has any after coercion, repeated as needed), and other attributes copied from x if it is the longest of the arguments). A PHP string manipulation library with multibyte support, now with PHP 7. Regular Expressions Cheat Sheet from DaveChild. Select a function name to go to a full description of the function with examples of use. If you need information from CRSP, a 1:1 CUSIP time variable (e. Hi, I happened to bump into your website. In some cases the substring you want to find is dependent on the placement of a certain character or another substring within your text. A period (. From: Subject: =?iso-2022-jp?B?RGlhcmlvIG5vbiBjb3JyZXR0byBkYWxsGyRCIUcbKEJBbGJhbmlhID8gSSBwYXJ0ZSA/IGJsb2c=?= Date: Fri, Nov 20 2009 11:11:01 GMT+0100 MIME-Version: 1. Si se especifica el length y es positivo, la cadena devuelta contendrá como máximo de caracteres de la cantidad dada por length que comienza en start (dependiedo de la longitud del string). So, the given number is a prime number. In this number if the data before decimal point is less than 1000 means if 158 <1000 i need to convert this number to 158. 4 2014-06-16 | long freese | nose and ci * version 1. Transposing a matrix means to interchange rows and columns. A negative number will left align n characters.